Kozhikode, also known as Calicut, is a city located in the state of Kerala, India. It is a historically significant city with a rich cultural heritage and a prominent place in the history of South India. Here are some key aspects of Kozhikode.
Being a part of the most beautiful state in India, Kozhikode has
been ranked the second best city in India to reside in. Also known as
Calicut, this beautiful city boasts of beautiful beaches, parks,
temples, churches, sanctuaries, hillocks, museums, wildlife, sculptures,
rivers and lots more. It is the prominent trade and commerce center in
Vasco Da Gama first set foot here in
1498 after which it became one of the most important ports in the
Malabar region for the trade of spices, silk and other goods between
European countries and India. The nature of land in Kozhikode is
is the reason why the world also knows
Kozhikode as Chullikkad, which means a ‘shrubby jungle’. The friendly
nature of the people of Kozhikode, along with their love for traditional
values is heart touching.
Malabar District of British India became a part of the newly formed
Kerala on November 1 1956 and a new revenue district named Kozhikode was
formed on January 1, 1957.
Kozhikode is known
to the world as the Center of Malabar, the land of spices and festivals.
It attracts traders from all over the globe with its magnificent spices
and other commodities. Kozhikode attained a position of pre-eminence in
the trade of pepper and other spices since 13th century which made it
an ‘Indian Emporium’ of International trade.
time immemorial, the city has been attracting travelers. Its charming
physical features and the prosperity is what makes it stand out way
above any other city.
The economy of Kozhikode mainly depends
on agriculture and fisheries but it is not just limited to them. The
timber industry is very powerful in Kozhikode and it is also the main
center for the export of tea, coffee and coconuts.
Brief History of Kozhikode
Kozhikode was an important trade and commerce center during the medieval
period. It played a crucial role in the spice trade and was the first
place where Vasco da Gama, the Portuguese explorer, landed in 1498,
opening up a sea route to India.
It is a historical town with a
hoary past. For more than 500 years, it has been in trade with the
Arabs, the Jews and the Chinese by trading spices like black pepper and
cardamom. The history of Kozhikode district as an administrative unit
begins from January 1957. Read more
The city boasts several historical and cultural landmarks, including the
historic Mananchira Square, Kozhikode Beach, and the S.M. Street, a
popular shopping district. Beypore, a nearby coastal village, is known
for its shipbuilding heritage.
Geography of Kozhikode
Situated on the southwest coast of India, along the Arabian Sea. It is known for its picturesque beaches, such as Kozhikode Beach, and a lush, green landscape. The Midland is lateritic and the whole belt along the
coast is sandy. Read more
The North-East monsoon makes the
city receive significant precipitation in October and November. The
weather gets mild from December till the end of February with clear
skies and crispy air. The average annual rainfall is 3266 mm. Read more
Tourism in Kozhikode
Kozhikode attracts tourists with its natural beauty, historical sites,
and cultural attractions. It serves as a gateway to explore the scenic
Malabar region and the Wayanad district, known for its wildlife and
is not just the spices and the sculptures that make Kozhikode what it
is today. The historical significance and the modern living amenities
make Kozhikode a famous tourist destination. Read more
Shopping in Kozhikode
Kozhikode, interestingly, there are many options for tourists to
indulge themselves in shopping. The Sweet Meat Street, also known in
short as the S.M. Street, is one of the busiest shopping areas in the
city. Read more
Festivals in Kozhikode
in Kozhikode are celebrated with pomp, enthusiasm and fanfare. Though
many festivals celebrated in Kozhikode are similar to those celebrate in
the northern part of India, there are a few festivals which are only
celebrated here or in the southern part of India.
the festivals celebrated in Kozhikode are Onam, Sabarimala festival,
Thiruvathira, Ashtami Rohini, Thrikarthiaka, Mahashivratri, Navarathri,
Miladi Sharif, Malabar Mahotsavam, Utsavam at Sreekanteswara Temple and
Cultural Diversity: The city is known for its religious and cultural diversity, with residents practicing various religions and celebrating a wide range of festivals.
Food in Kozhikode
The Malabar region, which includes Kozhikode, is famous for its cuisine. Kozhikode is known for its delectable Malabar dishes such as biryani, pathiri, and seafood specialties.
It also has a street food culture.
However, the new generation of Kozhikode people are more inclined
towards the Chinese and American food culture. In sea-food, mussels are a
As a sweet, you should not miss the
Calicut Halwa. Made out of flour and sugar, it is a sought after savory
in Kozhikode. Different varieties are available in almost all bakeries
in the city. Read More
How to Reach Kozhikode
Kozhikode can be easily reached by
air, rail, road or boat. All major airlines have direct flights to
Calicut. The airport is around 23 kilometres from the main city of
Kozhikode. Indian railways help connect Kozhikode to all the major
cities and tourist destinations in India.
Highway 212 connects Kozhikode in Kerala with Kollegal in Karnataka via
Mysore. National Highway 213 connects Palakkad, Malappuram and Calicut
district headquarters in Kerala.
Educational and Cultural Hub: Kozhikode is home to several educational institutions, including the prestigious National Institute of Technology Calicut (NITC). It is also known for its cultural heritage, with various cultural events, art forms, and festivals like the Malabar Mahotsavam.
Highway 17 connects Kozhikode to Mumbai via Mangalore, Udupi and Goa. By
water, the coast line of the Kozhikode port extends from Elathur cape
to the south bank of Kadalundi river and treads roughly in a straight
line. The port of Kozhikode, Beypore and Badagara are open for foreign
and coastal trade.
Quick facts about Kozhikode
Government in Kozhikode: Mayor Area: Metropolis- 2345 sq km Elevation- 1 m (3 ft) Population as per the 2011 census Metropolis- 3,086,293 Rank- 115th Density- 1316 / km2 ( 817 /mi2) Metro- 3,086,293 Metro rank- 115th Time Zone- IST Postal Index Number- 673001 STD Code- 0495 Offcial Languages: Malayalam, English, Hindi, Urdu