Culture of KozhikodeThe culture of Kozhikode is distinctively visible in its language, music, songs, dances along this part of the Malabar coast. The city of Kozhikode has contributed in great measure to the literary richness of the culture and language through the rendition of folk songs and ballads known as Vadakkan Pattukal. These songs commemorate the deeds of brave legends like the great Tacholi Meppayil Kunja Othenan, the brave warrior who led many a battle against exploitation. He was called as the “Robin Hood of Northern Malabar”.
Songs are so ingrained in the Malabar culture that even the Muslims have them as a favourite pastime wherein they sing the Mappilapattu and the Oppana. They are distinctive tunes that have lyrics in a synthesis of Arabic and Malayalam. The litting music is haunting and has a mystic all its own that resounds down the coastal sounds.
Among the dances that are the unique signature of Kozhikode’s culture are the Koothu, the world famous and renowned Kathakali, the Ottanthullal and the intrepid Kaikottikali. The performances of these dances all over are the classical renditions of mythological and legendary tales. Besides, there are the Theria and the Theyyam. Both are ritual dance forms that are performed during specific ceremonies. In fact that entire dance routine in each of the performances is looked upon as an a special from of offering to the Gods.
Children and youth who want to devote their lives to the performance of Kathakali often do so with a sincerity and devotion that is hard to find anywhere. The traditional “Guru Shishya parampara” is followed here. In this form of student teacher relationship the teacher is everything for the student and vice versa.
Festivals of Kozhikode
Kozhikode has its very own calendar of festivals all the year around. Some of the most significant festivals of the area are the Madapalli, Vadakara festival which is also called the Pooram festival held in March-April according to the Vikramic calendar every year. This festival is a great draw for devotees, pilgrims and tourists. It is held at the Arahkal temple in Vadakara. There is also the Kokanarkavu Bhagavathi temple situated at Mamuda in Vadakara. There are two major festivals held here in the months of March and April as well as November- December.
There are the Kadapally Kunkhom festival of Thera Pudupamam and then there is the Kaliatta Mahautsavam which is held in March in the temple of Vadakkara Shri Pisharikava Bhagavathi. This temple is devoted to mother goddess and is located at Vigyan, Thikkody. The Shivratri festival is a grand occasion held every year for seven days in February- March. This celebration is conducted with much fun and gaiety at Vettakkoruman Patta Tempel which is located in the Fort-Bulussery’s precincts at Koyilandy as also the Sreekanteshwara Temple Festival held at Kozhikode. Then there is also the Thacholi Manikkoth Temple Festival that is held in February each year. There is also the Appavamibha Nercha festival which is held at the Idiyangara Sheik Masjid.
All these festivals are marked by ‘Nadaswaram’ or the typical musical instruments of the South played together in a scintillating melody.
Another aspect of the literary and intellectual scene of Kozhikode is the Sanskrit-based discourse that is held annually between vedic scholars to gain the much desired and coveted title of ‘Pattathana’ or ‘knowledgeble one’. This debate is held at the Thali Temple and has been continuing unabated since the 13th century. It is a seven-day debate that is held during the Thulam month of the Malayalam Calendar.
The magnum opus of all festivals of Kozhikode are the grand Malabar festival which encapsulates the rich cultural heritage and traditions of Kerala. It is held every year between thirteenth to sixteenth January every year in the very heart of Kozhikode which is the Manachira Maidan. This festival offers a panaoramic view of the culture of Kozhikode.
Art Galleries in KozhikodePeople of Kozhikode love art. Witnessing some of the great and famous works of various artists is a big source of entertainment for the people. We can know that as there are many art galleries in Kozhikode. Some of them are very famous. Many great artists have been born in Kozhikode and have their paintings and other works in such art galleries. Even the new upcoming talent in Kozhikode can display their work. A few of the art galleries in Kozhikode are also counted as museums as they store some of the great paintings and works of the famous artists of Kozhikode. Some of the art galleries and museums in Kozhikode are:
Pazhassi Raja Museum & Art GalleryNamed after Pazhassiraha Kerala Varma of the Kottyam Royal Family, this famous museum and art gallery has much to display in its small halls. Highly acclaimed paintings of some of the famous artists of Kerala are displayed here. Raja Raja Varma and his nephew were two very famous artist who were recognized internationally as well. Their works have been displayed in this art gallery. Managed by the Department of State Archaeology, this museum & art gallery also displays umbrella stones, models of temples, antique bronzes, dolmenoid cists and mural paintings.
Visiting hours are from 9 am to 4:30 pm.
Lunch break from 1 pm to 2 pm.
Open all days except Mondays and public holidays.
Phone Number: 0495 2384382
Lalitha Kala Art GalleryThis Gallery is also famous in Kozhikode. Also known as the ‘National Academy of Fine Art’, this art gallery is funded by the Ministry of Culture. This is a government institution and its motto is to develop, spread and promote the fine art culture of India. Read More
Musical Fountain at Mananchira SquareThe Mananchira Square is so called because it is in the place called Mananchira and also because it is of one square kilometer in area. The Kozhikode Development Authority has done a good job in developing this area. The Mananchira Square has walls sculpted with laterite. There is a musical fountain here and attracts a lot of tourists who come to the park. There is a music stage and an open-theatre here at the Mananchira Square. Due to this, this place serves as a great source of entertainment to the locals and tourists.
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Auditoriums in KozhikodeAuditoriums serve as the best venues for hosting various programs and shows. These programs and shows include talent shows, recitals, theatre acting etc. It is necessary to have such auditoriums because there is a need to seat many number of guests, which only auditoriums can provide. Tourists and locals love to be part of such shows because they provide us a lot of entertainment.
A few auditoriums in Kozhikode are:
East of stadium Junction,
Puthiyara Road, Kozhikode,
Phone Number: 0495 2633668, 2720401, 3953168 / +91 9895607401, 9447007400
Francis Road, Calicut Ho,
Phone Number: +94 9895974998 / 0495 2306661.
Calicut Ho, Kozhikode,
Phone Number: 0495 2303565
Calicut Ho, Kozhikode,
Phone Number: 0495 2706608
Near Taj Tourist Home,
Calicut ho, Kozhikode,
Phone Number: 0495 2365969.
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