Ettumanoor Shiva Temple in KozhikodeEttumanoor Shiva Temple in Kozhikode, divine shrine of Kerala, is one of the oldest and richest temples visited by millions of Shiva devotees.
Constructed in 1542 AD., it was the legendary place where Pandavas and the Vyasas prayed for very long and made this place holy.
Devotees throng here to also see the famous Shiva painting in dancing pose known as the “Pradosha Nritham”. Not only this, it is also popularly known for the angry looking eight-handed Shiva idol through which the indigenous art and architecture of old Kerala stands out in all its grandeur. Devotees at this temple address his idol as “Ettumanoor-Appan”.
The LegendLike all holy places in India, the legendary tale goes that “Kharasura” the demon worshipped Lord Shiva and received 3 Shivlingas from him, which he took in two hands and one in his mouth, when he got tired he put down the Shivlinga in his mouth which got fixed to the ground and could not be moved by him. The place eventually became the Vaiko temple, and the other Shivlingas were planted at the Ettumanoon and kaduthuruthy temples by “Kharasura". It’s considered auspicious to visit these 3 temples in a single day.
Besides Shiva, Ma Bhagwati, Shasta, Dakshinamurthy, Ganesha and Yakshi are also worshipped here as sub-deities. Adi Shankracharya a philosopher of ancient era wrote a number of his works in this shrine as per holy Purana, out of which one of the famous ones were “Saundarya Lahari”.
The StructureAn icon of a bull and little bells around it with some metal banyan leaves makes the top dome when the architecture of this temple is talked about it is certainly a vivid evidence of the engineering skills of Vishwakarma Sthapathis. There are 14 ornamental roofs of the temple are enclosed with copper sheets.
Inside the TempleWhile taking a tour of this temple one cannot miss the splendor of Dravidian art, in the mural paintings on walls and the exemplifying architechture in the idols and carvings; depicting Krishna leela, Bhagwad Gita and Ramayan. The dancing Shiva (Natraja) idol, standing on one foot and destroying a demon which symbolically tells us of evil being punished and the circle of fire depicts the universal change, stands out eye-catchingly and it is noted as one of the best painting of ancient Indian temples.
Annual FestivalKerala along with its natural beauty is well-known for the temple festivals, amidst devotional excitement and fanfare, this one also holds the 10-day annual festival in March called Arattu and performs rituals like ‘Ezharaponnaana Ezhunallathu’ and kedavilakku. It ends on the auspicious day of Thiruvathira. It draws big counts of pilgrims from all corners of the nation. The most spectacular are the 8th and 10th day of this festival when on the display are idols of 7 big and one small elephants called “ezhara ponnaana" weighing 13 kgs in gold an image that was presented by the Karthikathirunal king of Travancore .
Ettumanoor Shiva Temple TimingsThe temple is open to the pilgrims from 4 am to 12.30 pm and 5 pm to 8 pm. Other community people are not allowed to get inside the temples. The Thulabharam Seva is one of the crucial rituals here.
A Mural Art Center is situated close by to the temple which is controlled by the State Archaeological Department.
It is said that Colonel Munro took control of the temple during the British rule as the Dewan of Travencore, and after Independence it has been controlled by the State Govt. via the Devaswom Board.
Best time to visitOctober to March (this is the time during which the 10 day temple festivals takes place. )
How to Reach Ettumanoor Shiva TempleBy Air: The closest airport is Cochin International Airport at a distance of 64 kms.
By Rail: the closest railway station is Kottayam railway station which is just 2 km away. You can get a bus or a cab from there to the temple.
By Waterways: Ferry services regularly to the backwaters like Chempakulam, Ambalapuzha, and Aleppey will ferry you across to the shrine in 15 minutes, The Ferries station is just 3 km from the temple.
Address Ettumanoor Shiva Temple: Chottanikkara Central Travancore, Kochi (Cochin), Kerala, 682312
Phone number: +91-471-2321132
Accommodation near Ettumanoor Shiva TempleThere are 2 Hotels near Ettumanoor Shiva Temple. Tariff starts from Rs. 1000 and goes as high as Rs. 5200.
Thushara International Hotel
P.O. Kodenchery, Kozhikode
Tariff - Rs. 1000/- per night
NH Bypass Road, Azhinjilam, Calicut
Tariff Rs. 5200/- per night.